clark hilterman
clark hilterman
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8/9/2019 1:43 PM - U.S. History
8/9/2019 10:13 AM - U.S. History


My parents got married in 1963 and bought a house in Fort Lauderdale, Florida. In 1965 they had my brother, and shortly after, my sister. I can not fathom the emmense stress that this time had on them living around 250 miles from Cuba. They were probably scared of the uncertainty of it all, not knowing the future for them and their young kids.

The following are declassified documents about the crisis.

1960

Indications of Soviet arms Shipment to Cuba, Weekly COMINT Economic Briefing - 05 Oct 1960

1961

SIGINT report on Cuban Pilot training in Czechoslovakia - 1 Feb 1961

Soviet Merchant ship Nikolaj Burdenko delivers military cargo to Cuba - 10 Apr 1961

Operators' chatter reveals Cuban air force personnel to learn Russian - 23 May 1961

Radar being installed; possible for use with artillery units - 18 Jun 1961

Spanish-Speaking pilots training at Trencin Airfield, Czechoslovakia, on 31 May 1961 - 19 Jun 1961

SIGINT report on Cuban pilot training in Czechoslovakia - 19 Jun 1961

Soviet freighters scheduled to call Cuba in July 1961 - 30 Jun 1961

1962

Handwritten summary of basic national security policy document - Jan 1962

Handwritten summary of 1962 funnel messages on Soviet military and technical advisers in Cuba - 11 Apr 1962

Extension of assignment of ASA analyst overseas - 13 Apr 1962

Reference to radar tracking on Russian equipment in Cuba - 18 Apr 1962

Dry cargo shipments to and from Cuba in Soviet ships, 1 January - 31 March 1962 - 02 May 1962

Cuban Air Force VHF communications procedure - 17 May 1962

New Soviet cargo ship en route Cuba with possible military cargo - 05 Jun 1962

First ELINT evidence of Scan ODD radar in Cuban area - 06 Jun 1962

Cuban Air Force long-range flights - 19 Jun 1962

Electronic intercepts in Cuban area - 22 Jun 1962

Night flights of Cuban jet aircraft - 28 Jun 1962

DIRNSA request for temporary assignment of vessel to Cuban waters until a planned collection vessel is ready - 19 Jul 1962

Memorandum for Secretary of Navy discussing requests for Navy collection resources - 19 Jul 1962

Unusual number of Soviet passenger ships en route Cuba - 24 Jul 1962

Possible reflections of Soviet/Cuban trade adjustments noted in merchant shipping - 31 Jul 1962

Further unusual Soviet/Cuban trade relations recently noted - 07 Aug 1962

WHIFF radar in Cuba - 17 Aug 1962

Status of Soviet merchant shipping to Cuba - 23 Aug 1962

Reflection of Soviet bloc pilot/technicians in Cuban Air Force training, 1 May - 4 Aug. 1962 - 24 Aug 1962

Night aerial gunnery exercises by Cuban jet aircraft - 28 Aug 1962

Further information on Soviet/Cuban trade - 31 Aug 1962

Increase flight activity of Cuban Tactical Air Force - 07 Sep 1962

Further information on Soviet/Cuban trade - 07 Sep 1962

Cuban MIGS scrambled on two U.S. Navy patrol planes - 11 Sep 1962

Reporting instructions for SIGINT evidence of Cuban acquisition of offensive weapons system - 11 Sep 1962

Definition of reporting category "funnel" - 12 Sep 1962

NSA need for larger collection vessel than planned - 17 Sep 1962

New radar deployment in Cuba - 19 Sep 1962

IFF signal in Cuban area - 21 Sep 1962

Further information on cargo shipments to Cuba in Soviet ships - 25 Sep 1962

Further information on cargo shipments to Cuba in Soviet ships - 02 Oct 1962

Blank sample log sheet for crisis actions - Oct 1962

DIRNSA msg to Services on collection effort - 05 Oct 1962

DIRNSA msg to Services on collection effort - 09 Oct 1962

Handwritten draft of DIRNSA reminder about funnel category - 10 Oct 1962

Handwritten draft of DIRNSA note on reporting priorities - 10 Oct 1962

Intercept of probable Cuban Air Defense Grid Tracking - 10 Oct 1962

Further information on cargo shipments to Cuba in Soviet ships - 11 Oct 1962

Handwritten draft of DIRNSA announcement of ad hoc group to improve collection and processing of Cuban material - 16 Oct 1962

Hardcopy of DIRNSA announcement of ad hoc group to improve collection and processing of Cuban material - 16 Oct 1962

DIRNSA directs movement of ASA troops to augment SIGINT effort against Cuba - 22 Oct 1962

Shkval passed messages to Alantika - 23 Oct 1962

Passenger cargo vessel Nikolaj Burdenko related urgent message from cargo vessel Kura for Moscow - 23 Oct 1962

Soviet vessels give positions and Odessa relayed very urgent messages from Moscow - 23 Oct 1962

Message intercepted from Soviet Metallurg Kurako addressed to all vessels in zone FOXTROT - 23 Oct 1962

Sretensk passed message to Moscow radio - 23 Oct 1962

Nikolaevsk reported a ship on approaching course - 23 Oct 1962

Nikolaevsk reported U.S. war ship continuing to accompany her - 23 Oct 1962

Soviet cargo vessel Ustyuzhna carrying on cargo operations in Cuban port of Hoa - 23 oct 1962

Nikolaevsk reported waiting at unidentified Cuban port awaiting a pilot - 23 Oct 1962

Further information on unusually high level of CRAFT pilots active on 18 October - 23 oct 1962

Summary of the day's news - 23 Oct 1962

Handwritten draft of DIRNSA note requesting CRITICOMM communications - 24 Oct 1962

Soviet cargo vessel Urgench alters course and is probably enroute back to port - 24 Oct 1962

Soviet cargo vessel Bol'Shevik Sukhanov alters course and is probably enroute back to port - 24 Oct 1962

Soviet cargo vessel Kislovodsk alters course to the North - 24 Oct 1962

Temporary transfer of ASA personnel during training for shipborne collection - 26 Oct 1962

Summary of collection vessel operations in September 62 - 26 Oct 1962

Summary of ELINT and COMINT collection improvements in September 1962 - 26 Oct 1962

Amendment of classification level for reports - 26 oct 1962

Memorandum on courier flights to Homestead AFB, Florida - 26 Oct 1962

SPOON REST radars identified at three sites - 27 Oct 1962

DIRNSA msg on requirements for improving collection ability - 27 Oct 1962

Funnel reports revert to regular series - 28 Oct 1962

Handwritten summary of DIRNSA msg to AFSS concerning reaction reporting and processing facilities - 30 Oct 1962

Handwritten note on originating COMINT-derived warnings - 30 Oct 1962

Summary of DIRNSA msg on level of support possible for military services - 30 Oct 1962

Summary of arrangements for representation at JCS - Nov 1962

Activation of Air Force Security Service Emergency Reaction Unit - 06 Nov 1962

Handwritten draft of DIRNSA msg on service arrangements for collection and reporting - 07 Nov 1962

Naval Security Group discusses problems with communications and reporting facilities - 07 Nov 1962

Handwritten draft of DIRNSA note on processing and reporting - 08 Nov 1962

Commander-in-Chief Atlantic concurs with transfer of Cuban problem - 13 Nov 1962

Handwritten note re NSA contribution to intel actions - Dec 1962

Handwritten summary of staff actions re Cuban crisis - Dec 1962

Handwritten draft of DIRNSA note on funding and level of collection against Cuba - 06 Dec 1962

Hardcopy of DIRNSA note on funding and level of collection against Cuba - 06 Dec 1962

Proposal for a special national intelligence estimate on Soviet military in Cuba - 10 Dec 1962

DIRNSA msg to Naval Security Group re fixed and shipborne collection - 11 Dec 1962

Cover letter and commendation letter on SIGINT contribution during Cuban crisis - 11 Dec 1962

Handwritten note on renotating types of communications in Cuba - 13 Dec 1962

1963

DIRNSA requests results of hearability tests in Florida - 08 Jan 1963

Status summary for ASA operations - 09 Jan 1962

Meeting to review reporting requirements on Cuban air defense - 15 Jan 1963

Study group established to review reporting on Cuba - Feb 1963

Buildup and changes to collection and reporting on Cuba - 21 Feb 1963

DIRNSA proposal to Navy concerning courier service - 19 Mar 1963

Summary of Soviet ships in Cuban ports, as of 19 June 1963 - 19 Jun 1963

1969

List of documents relating to Cuban crisis - 25 Aug 1969

Undated

Handwritten summary of DIRNSA suggestion about long-term Cuban collection - Undated

Handwritten note on DIRNSA wishes on level of effort - Undated

Revised DIRNSA lists of funnel msg recipients - Undated
8/21/2015 5:04 PM - U.S. History


Hawaii is one of four U.S. states—apart from the original thirteen—the Vermont Republic (1791), the Republic of Texas (1845), and the California Republic (1846) that were independent prior to statehood. Along with Texas, Hawaii had formal, international diplomatic recognition.

The Kingdom of Hawai'i was sovereign from 1810 until 1893 when the monarchy was overthrown by resident American and European capitalists and landholders in a coup d'etat. Hawaii was an independent republic from 1894 until August 12, 1898, when it officially became a territory of the United States. Hawaii was declared a U.S. state on August 21, 1959.

In March 1959, Congress passed the Hawaii Admission Act, which U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower signed into law. The act excluded Palmyra Atoll, which had been part of the Kingdom and Territory of Hawaii, from statehood. On June 27, 1959, a referendum asked residents of Hawaii to vote on the statehood bill; 94.3% voted in favor of statehood and 5.7% opposed it. The referendum asked voters to choose between accepting the Act and remaining a U.S. territory. The United Nations' Special Committee on Decolonization later removed Hawaii from its list of self-governing territories.